Although flowering plants consistently add beauty to the garden, it’s likely to produce a stunning effect using only plants with interesting foliage patterns and colours. Plants with showy foliage can be particularly useful alongside your patio or other outside dining space where incredibly aromatic flowers could be overpowering and unpleasant. Whether your space is in need of a tree, tree or perennial, there are several helpful plants for Mediterranean gardens needing purple and green leafy plantings.
Located in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, arrowroot (Canna) creates showy leaves striped with deep purple and green hues. The large white, green and purple blotched leaves of the fancy-leafed caladium (Caladium bicolor) grow in USDA zones 8 through 11. The red dead nettle (Lamium purpureum) offers both green and purple leaves on a single plant in USDA zones 3 through 8. Carpet bugle (Ajuga reptans) grows in USDA zones 5 through 9, demonstrating leaves of deep bronze and green with a purplish tint. Black rose tree (Aeonium arboreum “Atropurpureum”), growing in USDA zones 9 through 11, has green and purple leaves grouped together in a shape resembling roses.
More interesting than many of its purple-leafed Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) relatives would be the “Sango Kaku” variety (Acer palmatum “Sango Kaku”) located in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 8; the leaves of the deciduous “Sango Kaku” are pale green rimmed with purple borders. Similar in look, but preferring a little more shade in USDA zones 5 through 9, is that the Golden Full Moon maple tree (Acer shirasawanum “Aureum”) using purple-tipped pale green leaves that turn vibrant hues of red and orange in the autumn.
Though this thorny shrub should not be planted alongside walkways or play places, the Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii) is a beautiful tree with delicate leaves that are purple on top and green on the underside; this low-maintenance stunner grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 8. The purple goose leaf (Acaena inermis “Purpurea”) can be grown as a groundcover or a little shrub, featuring bright purple and pale green leaves in USDA zones 6 through 9. The ice bush (Breynia disticha “Roseo-picta”) offers attractive green, white, white, pinkish-purple mottled foliage, making the appearance of a snow-covered shrub in a tropical habitat, from the warmth of USDA zones 9 through 11.
Coleus (Coleus hybridus) is a shade-loving plant grown in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 through 11. Coleus functions well as a houseplant or in the garden, but has to be moved indoors when frost threatens. Growing in most plant hardiness zones is the popular wandering Jew (Zebrina pendula) houseplant. This plant’s “Quadricolor” variety boasts purplish green leaves banded with stripes of white, red and pink while the “Purpusii” variety has dark red to purple leaves.
While plants that have both green and purple leaf at precisely the same time are interesting to look at, there are a lot of plants that offer both green and purple color at different times in their increase. By way of instance, the leaves of the bronze loquat (Eriobotrya deflexa) kind as a deep copper to purple color and slowly turn green as they age. The same is true of the flowering plum tree (Prunus blireiana). The purple hop bush (Dodonaea viscose “Purpurea”) does the contrary, growing bronzy green leaves that turn darker and more purple as winter approaches. The purple smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria “Purpureus”) has large, purple leaves that slowly turn green.